By Marwan Muasher
This crucial ebook isn't approximately rapid occasions or regulations or responses to the Arab Spring. as an alternative, it takes a protracted, really appropriate view of political swap within the Arab global, starting with the 1st Awakening within the 19th century and increasing into destiny a long time when—if the dream is realized—a new Arab international outlined through pluralism and tolerance will emerge.
Marwan Muasher, former international minister of Jordan, asserts that each one sides—the usa, Europe, Israel, and Arab governments alike—were deeply inaccurate of their puzzling over Arab politics and society while the turmoil of the Arab Spring erupted. He explains the explanations of the unrest, tracing them again to the 1st Arab Awakening, and warns of the forces this present day that threaten the good fortune of the Second Arab Awakening, ignited in December 2010.
Hope rests with the hot new release and its dedication to tolerance, range, the peaceable rotation of strength, and inclusive fiscal progress, Muasher continues. He calls at the West to reconsider political Islam and the Arab-Israeli clash, and he discusses steps all events can take to motivate optimistic state-building within the freshly unsettled Arab global.
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Extra info for The Second Arab Awakening: And the Battle for Pluralism
Another complicating factor is brain drain. Many of the most educated members of Arab society—a group that likely would be involved in effecting change—have emigrated in search of opportunities elsewhere. Among these countries, Algeria is the only one that experienced a major conflict in the past forty years, so the common factor appears not to be war—the usual suspect— but the inefficiency of the state system and the humiliations and frustrations it imposes on its people. Partly as a consequence of this brain drain, the Arab world has fallen behind almost every other region in terms of overall human development, socioeconomic stability, and political reform.
The political economies over which they preside have been increasingly contaminated by corruption, and their record on efficient delivery of services leaves much to be desired. 36 Understanding the Awakening The Islamist opposition, on the other hand, has not demonstrated a clear commitment to pluralism, peaceful alternation of power, or individual rights, and its governing record in Egypt and Tunisia so far seems to back secular forces’ claims that such a commitment to pluralism is shaky at best.
Many adopt black-and-white positions: political Islam either is an evil that must be fought at all times or has all the answers to the problems of a region long ruled by autocratic, 44 Understanding the Awakening unresponsive regimes. A more objective look at political Islam must begin by examining its different groups, ideologies, and commitment—or lack thereof—to democratic principles. Political Islam Is Not Monolithic While major differences exist between armed Islamist groups —Al-Qaeda is clearly distinct from Hezbollah and Hamas— these groups generally color most people’s views of political Islam.
The Second Arab Awakening: And the Battle for Pluralism by Marwan Muasher