Download e-book for kindle: The Philosophy of 'As If ' : A System of the Theoretical, by Hans Vaihinger, David G. Payne

By Hans Vaihinger, David G. Payne

ISBN-10: 157898825X

ISBN-13: 9781578988259

2009 reprint of 1925 version. this can be a massive publication of 1 suggestion, yet that concept is a crucial one for the social scientist. in accordance with the writer "many suggestion methods and idea constructs seem to be consciously fake assumptions, which both contradict fact or are even contradictory in themselves, yet that are deliberately therefore shaped with the intention to triumph over problems of suggestion by way of this synthetic deviation, and succeed in the aim of idea via roundabout methods and via paths. those synthetic proposal constructs are referred to as 'Scientific Fictions' and exceptional as unsleeping creations through their 'as if' character." Vaihinger's paintings is a vital early contribution to the human tendency in the direction of self-deception.

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Additional resources for The Philosophy of 'As If ' : A System of the Theoretical, Practical and Religious Fictions of Mankind

Sample text

We will weave the grounded truthful roots of science into the higher patterns and aspirations of religions reaching toward the sun of our future. They are complementary—like a chalice full of wine. The old, spuriously unifying ideas of “Spontaneous generation” explaining the origin of certain organisms and “phlogiston” as a substance which explained why things burn, were replaced by the much more powerful and unifying ideas of biology and chemistry. In the same way—by removing or modifying notions of magic and superstition and replacing them with real information—we can move into the realm of religion with human inquiry.

This is echoed in consciousness studies only now emerging within the vast accumulation of knowledge in our science. Authors have favorite words, or turns of phrase, which are used repeatedly—like the symbols which repeat in the world. They build characters in a story by placing sub-sets of unity in the characters named and developed in the book—like the characters and life forms we see in the real world. All of these elements of coherence or unified structure are evidence for consciousness in the construction of the book which is, again, not available to isolatedvariable science.

People must change how their own brains perceive the world, using overall patterns in this accumulated knowledge, in order to really understand. People, and species, have done this many times in the past to break out of various obsolete systems and ecological niches—which become dangerous prisons when the times and environments change. We call it adaptation—the punctuated equilibrium of the march of life across time is echoed in the revolutions of our science. In order to shift our world view into alignment with these new considerations, we will need to begin to view our world differently.

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The Philosophy of 'As If ' : A System of the Theoretical, Practical and Religious Fictions of Mankind by Hans Vaihinger, David G. Payne

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