By Peter Jackson, Lawrence Lockhart
The Cambridge heritage of Iran is an eight-volume survey of Iranian historical past and tradition, and its contribution to the civilisation of the area. All elements of the non secular, philosophical, political, monetary, medical and inventive components in Iranian civilisation are studied, with a few emphasis at the geographical and ecological elements that have contributed to that civilisation's certain personality. the purpose is to supply a set of readable essays instead of a listing of knowledge. The volumes provide scope for the e-book of latest principles in addition to offering summaries of confirmed proof. they need to act as a stimulus to experts, yet are basically involved to reply to one of these questions about the earlier and current of Iran which are requested by way of the non-specialist. This quantity covers the background of Iran from the cave in of the Il-Khanid empire (c. 1335) to the second one area of the 18th century. The interval identification of designated curiosity as one that, within the conventional view, witnessed the emergence of Iran as a 'national state'. it's within the latter half this period that average Shi'ism bought the definitive carry at the kingdom which has been maintained to the current day, and which is helping to tell apart Iran from the opposite Islamic states of south-west Asia. as well as chapters on advertisement and diplomatic contacts with Europe - contacts often fortified through a typical hostility to the Ottoman Turks - which grew to become sought after from the sixteenth century, the quantity includes chapters on social and fiscal background, the humanities and structure, the precise sciences, faith, philosophy and literature.
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Additional info for The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 6: The Timurid and Safavid Periods
By chance, the murdered official was a nephew of 'Ala' al-Dln. Although 'Abd al-Razzaq found support, which enables us to conclude that the situation was tense, it is stretching the available evidence too far to talk, as does Petrushevsky,1 of angry masses consisting of peasants, impoverished town-dwellers and artisans; nor is there sufficient warrant for the class struggle, racial friction or national antagonisms which he adduces as additional factors to support his hypothesis of a peasants' revolt.
He did not, however, but marched against them. His troops were routed, and while fleeing to Mazandaran such eminent figures as the vizier 'Ala' al-Dln Muhammad and 'Abd-Allah b. Mulai were killed; indeed even the khan's brother 'All Ke'iin, lost his life. The victors occupied Jajarm, Damghan and Simnan, together with Togha Temiir's capital, Gurgan. By this victory a totally different situation had been created. When they took Nlshapur the Sarbadars had come up against a population which was almost exclusively Sunni, and by conquering Simnan they had become neighbours to the Chobanids, who were also Sunni.
He admittedly failed to take the city of Tus, but did succeed in putting down a revolt in Damghan. By his simple manner of life, through the honesty and thrift on which he insisted in the conduct of state affairs, he won the affection of large sections of the population. His measures against prostitution, drugs, and alcohol are also worthy of mention. The swift decline of Mas'ud's adherents and the passing of power to a Sabzavarl may be seen as indications of the growth of this party. In fact the strength of Mas'ud's adherents and his troops had been severely weakened by his unfortunate military enterprises, whereas the dervishes, who had taken no further part in his campaigns since the death of Shaikh Hasan Jurl, had suffered no losses.
The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 6: The Timurid and Safavid Periods by Peter Jackson, Lawrence Lockhart