International struggle i used to be a watershed in glossy global heritage. at the battlefield, thousands have been slaughtered by way of chemical struggle, desktop weapons, and trench warfare—and this mindless bloodletting is still the main enduring legacy of the nice warfare. serious to knowing the war’s importance is the often-overlooked emergence of a “modern” dynamic grassroots peace circulate that either hostile conflict and sought to abolish its social causes.
Edited through Scott H. Bennett and Charles F. Howlett, Antiwar Dissent and Peace Activism in global battle I the United States provides fundamental files, such a lot anthologized for the 1st time, illustrating competition and resistance to the conflict and the government’s efforts to advertise the conflict and limit dissent. This clean assortment highlights the extensive variety of antiwar sentiment: spiritual and secular, liberal and radical, pacifist and nonpacifist, together with conscientious objection. It additionally addresses key matters raised by means of the antiwar movement—particularly dissent in wartime, civil liberties, the that means of patriotism, and citizen peace activism—that stay very important to realizing American democracy.
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Additional info for Antiwar Dissent and Peace Activism in World War I America: A Documentary Reader
The Socialist Party’s major newspapers and periodicals also took an antiwar and anti-interventionist stance. Similarly, the Industrial Workers of the World, a revolutionary industrial union opposed to capitalism and militarism whose members were known as Wobblies, condemned the conflict. Much of the iww’s wartime dissent focused on labor issues. Refusing to suspend its class struggle during wartime, the iww led strikes that disrupted wartime production. This militant labor activism, along with the group’s antiwar dissent, led to brutal attacks by the government, employer groups, and private organizations.
Disciplinary Barracks (Kansas), Alcatraz Island (California), Fort Jay (New York), and Fort Douglas (Utah). Regardless of their status, cos were placed under military jurisdiction and confined to army camps. Men who refused to register were arrested, transferred to military custody, and tried in military courts. In the army camps cos were segregated and often treated poorly and abused. cos were mocked, beaten, clubbed, kicked, slapped, choked, scrubbed with stiff brushes, dunked in latrines, jabbed with bayonets, and threatened with execution.
Thomas quoted in Chatfield, Radical “No,” 209. 27. Baker quoted in Howard W. Moore, Plowing My Own Furrow (Syracuse ny: Syracuse University Press, 1993), 139. Moore later recalled that this was the first time he had heard cos referred to as political prisoners. 28. For “mutiny,” see [Fred Leighton], The “Mutiny” at Fort Leavenworth Disciplinary Barracks: July 22nd, 1919 (Chicago: American Industrial, ). For “iron rule,” see Moore, Plowing My Own Furrow, 142. 29. See, for instance, “Slacker Marriages” (editorial), New York Call, 12 April 1917, 6.
Antiwar Dissent and Peace Activism in World War I America: A Documentary Reader