Download e-book for iPad: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Knowledge by Jennifer Trusted (auth.)

By Jennifer Trusted (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0230378242

ISBN-13: 9780230378247

ISBN-10: 0333691865

ISBN-13: 9780333691861

A brief account of the philosophy of information for college kids analyzing philosophy for the 1st time. It additionally serves as a normal creation to these attracted to the topic. Jennifer relied on examines the character of philosophy as an issue for learn and means that it has useful use in addition to highbrow allure because it is worried with constructing our realizing via severe appraisal of the ideas we use, so making our difficulties transparent. Dr depended on additionally appears to be like on the strategy of a few of the best philosophers of the western global to the philosophy of data. The perspectives of Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Berkeley, Hume and Kant are thought of. There are chapters largely interested by the perspectives of the twentieth-century philosophers: A.J. Ayer and Norman Malcolm. The concluding bankruptcy summarises many of the methods and how they give a contribution to clarifying our ideas.

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Sample text

It may be that Society always does admire moral worth but this admiration does not in itself make the moral worth. If something is morally good, it will be so whether Society admires or whether it does not. Therefore, to be loved by the Gods, or to be approved by Society, is an incidental (or accidental) property of holiness, or of moral goodness; it does not give us the essential nature of holiness or of moral worth. Socrates ends by asking what this essential nature is. He and Plato assume that there is a characteristic or feature of holiness which is essential and that this can be discovered.

Just like ourselves,' I said. ' 'Very well, what of the things being carried along? Would not this be the same? ' 'Then if their prison had an echo from the opposite wall, whenever one of the passing bearers uttered a sound, would they not suppose that the passing shadow must be making the sound? ' 'Indeed I do,' he said. 'If so,' said I, 'such persons would certainly believe that there were no realities except those shadows of handmade things. ' 'So it must be,' said he. 'Now consider,' said I, 'what their release would be like, and their cure from these fetters and their folly; let us imagine whether it might naturally be something like this.

MENON: Quite as good SOCRATES: Then true opinion is no worse guide than wisdom, for rightness of action; and this is what we failed to see just now while we were enquiring what sort of a thing virtue is. We said then that wisdom alone guides to right action; but, really, true opinion does the same. (Ibid, p. 64) Grades of Apprehension: Knowledge and Opinion Plato argued that since knowledge had to be indubitable the objects of knowledge had to be permanent and unchanging. For example: '2 + 2 =4' is true, has always been true and always will be true.

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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Knowledge by Jennifer Trusted (auth.)

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