Download PDF by C. W. M. Whitty and O. L. Zangwill (Eds.): Amnesia. Clinical, Psychological and Medicolegal Aspects

By C. W. M. Whitty and O. L. Zangwill (Eds.)

ISBN-10: 0407000569

ISBN-13: 9780407000568

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Additional info for Amnesia. Clinical, Psychological and Medicolegal Aspects

Example text

Partial cueing The authors of the disinhibition hypothesis have emphasized that clear evidence of long-term memory in amnesic patients may be observed if certain methods of testing are used. None would now disagree with this. However, in a later study (Weiskrantz and Warrington, 1970b) they provided evidence which, it was claimed, showed that amnesic memory was disproportionately facilitated by tests involving 'partial information'. It was argued that partial cueing had the effect of eliminating competing incorrect responses (false positives), which would otherwise severely impair the performance of amnesic subjects.

These cues were either a rhyme of the word or the category which the word exemplified. The effectiveness of these two types of cue was studied in relation to the number of items intervening between the test word and the relevant cue. No difference between amnesics and controls was observed for rhyming cues at any of the intervals studied but amnesics were significantly inferior to controls when responding to category cues after long delays. It was argued that category cues tapped more sophisticated levels of encoding than the rhyming cues and that these higher levels of encoding are normally more permanent than lower levels.

G. spontaneous unprompted recall of the material {see Milner, Corkin and Teuber, 1968). If, at the longest retention interval, this strategy were no longer available to the controls a more straightforward comparison might be available of the ability of normals and amnesics to remember on the basis of the cues provided. Certainly if performance at the longest retention interval is accepted as the most natural and least complicated measure of longterm retention, then the findings do not suggest more rapid forgetting of what has been learnt by amnesics than by controls.

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Amnesia. Clinical, Psychological and Medicolegal Aspects by C. W. M. Whitty and O. L. Zangwill (Eds.)


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