By Anke Niehof, Gabriel Rugalema, Stuart Gillespie
AIDS epidemics proceed to threaten the livelihoods of thousands of individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. 3 many years after the disorder used to be first famous, the yearly demise toll from AIDS exceeds that from wars, famine and floods mixed. but regardless of thousands of bucks of relief and examine, there has formerly been little special on-the-ground research of the multifaceted affects on rural humans. Filling that hole, this publication brings jointly fresh facts of AIDS affects on rural families, livelihoods, and agricultural perform in sub-Saharan Africa. there's specific emphasis at the function of girls in affected families, and at the state of affairs of youngsters. The e-book is exclusive in offering micro-level info accrued via unique empirical examine in more than a few African international locations, and displaying how well-grounded conclusions on traits, affects and native responses will be utilized to the layout of HIV-responsive guidelines and programmes. AIDS affects are extra different than we formerly inspiration, and native responses extra various - occasionally leading edge, occasionally determined. The publication represents an immense contribution to our realizing of the affects of AIDS within the epidemic's heartland, and the way those might be controlled at diversified degrees.
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Extra info for AIDS and Rural Livelihoods: Dynamics and Diversity in sub-Saharan Africa
Conclusion The data from our study present a mixed picture. Major disruption to households and families has been caused by the HIV epidemic in this area. Almost all of the households that dissolved were HIV-positive households. Many households were affected by the loss of adult members, and in households that lost their head of household, the loss of that head brought on a noticeable decline in land cultivation in the years following the death. The story at the beginning of this chapter, illustrates this mixed picture.
By 1996 the eldest son feels that farming is not his calling and decides to leave for Dar-es-Salaam to find work or a place where he can be an apprentice to learn a trade. His two young brothers remain with their mother and even though still going to school, they also help their mom with farm work. The second-born finishes his primary education in 1998 and joins his mother on the farm. The third son (last born) completes his education in 2000 and like his elder brother decides to stay on the farm with his mom.
In addition to this point is the criticism that conclusions drawn from smallscale studies were applied to general populations – a much bigger and complex reality. Subsequent analyses have suggested that the impacts of the epidemic were actually a lot more context-specific than originally assumed (see Gillespie, 2006). This chapter looks at the longitudinal outcomes of the impact of AIDS on individuals and households over a period of about 15 years. The main objective is to present information about what happened to individuals and households over time in terms of a set and sequence of steps and actions that were taken to ensure survival and continuity among households afflicted by AIDS in the study area.
AIDS and Rural Livelihoods: Dynamics and Diversity in sub-Saharan Africa by Anke Niehof, Gabriel Rugalema, Stuart Gillespie