By Metin Basoglu
Mass trauma occasions, akin to normal failures, struggle and torture, impact hundreds of thousands of individuals each year. presently, there's no psychological healthiness care version with the aptitude to handle the mental wishes of survivors in an economical approach. This booklet offers one of these version, besides information on its implementation, making it worthwhile for either policy-makers and psychological healthiness execs. development on greater than two decades of in depth learn with mass trauma survivors, the authors current a version of stressful pressure to assist realizing of mass trauma and the way its mental effect may be conquer with control-focused behavioral remedy. this article bargains a severe evaluation of assorted debatable matters within the box of mental trauma in gentle of contemporary examine findings. together with established manuals on earthquake trauma, masking therapy supply and self-help, the publication might be of use to survivors themselves in addition to care prone.
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Additional info for A Mental Healthcare Model for Mass Trauma Survivors: Control-Focused Behavioral Treatment of Earthquake, War and Torture Trauma
A common feature of these survivors was a realization of the fact that letting fear take control of their lives and, consequently, having to live in a state of total helplessness and under difﬁcult conditions away from home was too high a price to pay for the relative safety of shelters. Thus, many eventually came to the conclusion “I cannot continue to live like this. I’ve got to do something to overcome my fear. I will go back home and take the risk. ” Such cognitive change did not necessarily reduce fear initially.
Both the media and the public were particularly interested in the opinion of a seismologist, who had become a household name due to his frequent TV appearances. This seismologist, the then head of a university institute of seismology, became a well-known public ﬁgure after the earthquake. A few days after the earthquake, he reported unusual seismic activity in the region, which he thought might be signaling an impending major aftershock. He therefore advised the people to stay outdoors for the next 24 hours and millions of Istanbul residents spent the (uneventful) night on the streets.
Others stopped reading newspapers or watching TV news to avoid being reminded of the earthquake. Conditioned fears often generalized to a wide range of situations. For example, some people avoided wearing the same clothes they had on during the earthquake. A woman who was brushing her teeth during the earthquake had to change the toothbrush and the brand of the toothpaste she was using, because they evoked fear. She complained to her therapist that she was also distressed by the presence of her husband (whom she had married recently and who was with her during the earthquake), because he served as a reminder of the earthquake.
A Mental Healthcare Model for Mass Trauma Survivors: Control-Focused Behavioral Treatment of Earthquake, War and Torture Trauma by Metin Basoglu