By Tom Standage
"From beer to Coca-Cola, the six beverages that experience assisted in shaping human historical past. all through human background. yes beverages have performed even more than simply quench thirst. As Tom Standage relates with authority and grace, six of them have had a shockingly pervasive impression at the process historical past, turning into the defining drink in the course of a pivotal ancient period.""A heritage of the area in 6 Glasses"" tells the tale of humanity from the Stone Age to the twenty first century in the course of the lens of beer, wine, spirits, espresso, tea, and cola. Beer used to be first made within the Fertile Crescent and via 3000 B.C.E. was once so very important to Mesopotamia and Egypt that it used to be used to pay wages. In historic Greece wine grew to become the most export of her colossal seaborne exchange, assisting unfold Greek tradition out of the country. Spirits resembling brandy and rum fueled the Age of Exploration, fortifying seamen on lengthy voyages and oiling the pernicious slave exchange. even supposing espresso originated within the Arab international, it stoked progressive idea in Europe throughout the Age of cause, whilst coffeehouses turned facilities of highbrow trade. And thousands of years after the chinese language begun ingesting tea, it grew to become specially renowned in Britain, with far-reaching results on British overseas coverage. ultimately, although carbonated beverages have been invented in 18th-century Europe they turned a 20th-century phenomenon, and Coca-Cola particularly is the prime image of globalization.For Tom Standage, each one drink is a type of expertise, a catalyst for advancing tradition through which he demonstrates the tricky interaction of other civilizations. you'll by no means examine your favourite drink an analogous means again.Look for Tom Standage's different books together with The Victorian net and An suitable for eating historical past of Humanity.
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Additional resources for A History of the World in 6 Glasses
76 AG Reports 1928, 70; 1929, 68; J. Edgar Hoover, Memorandum for the Attorney General, February 6, 1933, Taylor-Gates Collection, Herbert Hoover Library. 77 AG Report 1920, 186. d. (August 1920); Report of Committee on Reports, August 1920, OG 390982, RG65, NA; AG Report 1924, 61; Appropriations, Department of Justice, 1926, 58; Mason, 151. 79 Gerald K. Haines & David A. Langbart, Unlocking the Files of the FBI. A Guide to its Records and Classification System (Wilmington, Delaware, 1993), xi-xii; AG Report 1924, 61.
66 When Hoover became director in 1924 the requirements for legal training were strengthened so that the share of special agents with a legal background increased from 30% in 1924 to 74% in 1933. 67 At the same time, the Bureau began to train its agents. 73 The Bureau standardized its rules, regulations and procedures in order to achieve uniformity and predictability. Apparently the Bureau as early as 1913 used a “book of rules” for the instruction of its 64 US Congress, Senate, Select Committee on Investigation of the Attorney General, Investigation of Hon.
Later studies have rejected the notion about a populistic grass-roots movement in support of McCarthyism. 14 Instead, historians have pointed to “the Imperial Presidency,” partisan rivalry, the National Security State, and elitist interest-groups as the causes of anticommunist policies during the Cold War. 15 In a study of political intolerance and repression during McCarthyism, the political scientist James L. Gibson found that in states where the elite was more intolerant, more repressive laws were enacted than in states where the mass opinion was more intolerant.
A History of the World in 6 Glasses by Tom Standage