By M.C. Ricklefs
Well-known because the so much authoritative normal account of Indonesia, the world's fourth so much populous country, from the arriving of Islam c.1200 to this present day, this booklet covers the wealthy heritage of the Indonesian archipelago with a spotlight on indigenous affairs. Merle Ricklefs poses the query of the way diversified yet comparable linguistic and ethnic groups got here to shape the unitary Republic of Indonesia, and sheds vital mild at the crises and demanding situations dealing with this significant country. For this 3rd variation, Ricklefs has extra chapters at the Soeharto interval after 1975, on Indonesia on account that Soeharto, and on western Indonesia within the seventeenth and 18th centuries. different revisions are came across during the publication, and the bibliography has been completely up to date.
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Additional resources for A History of Modern Indonesia Since c.1200
They were short of both money and manpower. Their organisation was typified by confused and overlapping commands, inefficiency and corruption. Even their own governors of Malacca traded for personal gain at the Malay port of Johor, where duties and prices were lower, in violation of the monopoly they were supposed to maintain. The Asian traders transferred much of their trade to other ports, and simply bypassed the Portuguese monopoly. In the west of the archipelago the Portuguese fairly soon ceased to be such a revolutionary force.
There were parts of Sumatra and the Javanese coast of which nothing is known before Islamisation; in some cases towns emerged here as a result of foreign Muslims settling, in other cases Indonesians living there may have been little influenced by Hindu-Buddhist ideas and were therefore attracted to Islam for the cultural paraphernalia it brought, such as literacy. But in the ancient centres of high culture this was not true: in Majapahit and Bali Islam met profound cultural barriers. Majapahit’s cultural influence was such that even non-Javanese Muslims on the coast emulated its style.
The Portuguese tried to keep secret the navigational details of the route to Asia, but there were Dutchmen in their service, the most famous of whom was Jan Huygen van Linschoten. In 1595–6 he published his Itinerario naer Oost ofte Portugaels Indien (‘Itinerary to the East, or Portuguese, Indies’), containing maps and detailed descriptions of the Portuguese discoveries. The Dutch were now aware not only of the vast wealth of Asia, but also of Portuguese problems there. As the Dutch had improved their ship construction and seaborne armament, they believed that the Portuguese in Asia would be no match for them.
A History of Modern Indonesia Since c.1200 by M.C. Ricklefs